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Build an electrical car

Necessary componenets to build electrical car

To build an electrical car you need the following componenets

Electricity
Batteries
chargeing Port
DC to DC Converter
Electric traction motor
On-board charger
Power Electronics Controller
Thermal system (cooling)
Traction battery pack
Transmission (electric)

Electricity Power

How much electricity power does an electric car consume?

An electric car consumes about 7,200 watts of electricity power. Electric vehicles can be charged with electricity power consumption comparable to various household appliances. Most EVs charging electricity at home on a 240-volt level 2 charger consume about 7200 watts or less.

Battery

Battery fully electric auxiliary in an electrically powered vehicle, an auxiliary battery provides electricity to the vehicle's accessories.
The battery of electrical car stores electrical energy and is what might be compared to a gas tank in an inward burning motor. The greatest EV driving reach is frequently controlled by the limit of the battery ― the higher the limit, the more extended the driving reach
4pcs 3.2V 100Ah 200Ah 280Ah LiFePO4 battery pack Lithium


Charging port

All electric vehicles have the ability to connect to the power grid. From a technical point of view, a charging station that converts AC home current to DC is built into the car. Most models include a basic 110 V charger that connects to a standard electrical outlet via a conventional three-pin plug.
The charging port allows the car to connect to an external power source to charge the traction battery. 11kw Ev Charger Type 2 3 Phase 16A iec 62196-2 CEE Plug Portable Electric Vehicle Car Charger.

DC to DC Converter

DC to DC Converter device converts the high-voltage DC power from the traction battery pack to the lower-voltage DC power needed to operate the car accessories and recharge the auxiliary battery.
The DC-to-DC converter effectively replaces the generator in a car with an internal combustion engine (ICE). Instead of receiving energy from the engine rotation of the internal combustion engine to charge the 12 V battery, it consumes energy from the main high voltage battery (HV) and converts it to a voltage of 12 V.
DC DC Voltage Stabilizer 12v Power Converter Step Down Buck Regulator Transformer

The Electronic Vehicle traction motor

The Electronic Vehicle traction motor is responsible for converting electrical energy into mechanical energy in such a way that the vehicle moves, overcoming aerodynamic drag, rolling resistance and kinetic resistance.
Electric traction motor using the power from the traction battery, this motor drives the wheels of the car. In some cars, motor generators are used, which perform both drive and regenerative functions.
Electric Rear Axle Motor 4-Wheel Cargo Engine Electric vehicle DC Brushless Motor.

The Electronic Vehicle On-board charger

The Electronic Vehicle On-board charger Takes the incoming AC power supplied through the charging port and converts it to DC power to charge the traction battery. It also communicates with the charging equipment and monitors battery characteristics such as voltage, current, temperature, and charge status while the battery is being charged. Electric vehicles EVS come standard with a 120-volt Level 1 portable charger. these chargers can be plugged into a regular household outlet and do not require special installation. This requires a 240 volt outlet, which most owners need to install professionally.

The Electronic Vehicle Power Electronics Controller

An Electronic car controller is an electronic unit that works between the batteries and the engine to control the speed and acceleration of an EV just like a carburetor in a gasoline powered car.
This unit controls the flow of electricity supplied by the traction battery by regulating the speed of the traction motor and the torque it generates. The Power Electronics controller is like the brain of a car that controls all of its parameters. It controls the charging rate using information from the battery. It also translates pressure on the accelerator pedal to adjust the speed in the motor inverter.

The Electronic Vehicle Thermal system

Thermal system (cooling) maintains the proper operating temperature range of the motor, electric motor, power electronics, and other components.
The thermal system is a combination of thermoelectric cooling, forced air cooling and liquid cooling. The liquid refrigerant has indirect contact with the battery and acts as a medium to dissipate the heat generated by the battery during operation.

The Electronic Vehicle Transmission

The transmission transmits mechanical energy from the traction motor to rotate the wheels.
The gearbox is a kind of transmission in that it is used to efficiently transfer engine power to the wheel. But it has a special name ― reducer
Complete Metal SCX10 Gearbox Transmission Box with Gear

The Electronic Vehicle Traction battery pack

Traction battery pack accumulates electricity for use by the traction motor.
An electric vehicle traction battery is a battery used to power the electric motors. These batteries are specially designed for high wattage ampere hours.
12V Car Auto Double Battery Isolator Protector Dual Battery Controller, It is suitable for dual battery systems such as SUVs, to solve the problems of charging and discharging main and auxiliary batteries and drawing power.

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